2020年6月18日星期四,140多名与会者通过视频直播聚集在一起,参加了一场题为 "谁来买单?国际法和美国法下的大流行病赔偿"的网络研讨会。两位主讲嘉宾王昶和亚历山大-莫拉瓦(Alexander Morawa)都是经验丰富的律师,也是金斯菲尔德律师事务所的高级合伙人,他们围绕着国际公法和美国法律对国家与大流行相关的行动或不作为可能承担的责任或法律后果问题进行了探讨。

最近几个月,一些美国和欧洲政府官员表示希望向中国寻求损害赔偿,因为据推测冠状病毒爆发的起源地就是中国。王昶和莫拉瓦律师概述了密苏里州和密西西比州提出的诉讼要求,此外还有内华达州小企业主提出的集体诉讼。接着,他们提供了解决州与州之间国际法律纠纷的现有机制的背景情况,包括联合国和世界卫生组织等国际机构可能参与的情况。发言人还指出,一些评论家认为目前的诉讼与国内政治有关,因为主流媒体报道了一份竞选策略备忘录,提出 "不要为总统辩护,要攻击中国"。

在随后的问答环节中,两位主讲嘉宾回答了与会者的提问。讨论内容涉及国内法和国际法的差异,"清白 "理论是否适用于国际法,以及中国政府可能做出的回应。

 

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About the Speakers

Alexander MorawaAlexander H. E. Morawa, S.J.D. is a senior partner at Kingsfield Law Office. Dr. Morawa combines international and transnational legal scholarship and practice in a career that spans multiple continents. A dual citizen of the U.S.A. and Austria, he holds a faculty appointment at American University Washington College of Law, Washington, DC, and has recently taught at Mackenzie Presbyterian University School of Law, São Paulo, Brazil and China University of Political Science and Law (CUPL), Beijing, China. His work in practice includes the representation of petitioners in various international courts and tribunals established by the United Nations and the Council of Europe. Dr. Morawa received his S.J.D. and LL.M., summa cum laude, from George Washington University School of Law, and his Magister iuris from the University of Salzburg in Austria. Dr. Morawa has published 11 books and more than 100 academic papers on public international law.

Chang WangChang Wang is a senior partner with Kingsfield Law Office, where he specializes in immigration law, art law, and foreign investments. Wang is a graduate of the University of Minnesota Law School and is licensed to practice law in Minnesota, New York, the District of Columbia, and federal courts. Wang is an elected member of the prestigious American Law Institute. In 2018, Chief Justice Lorie Gildea of the Minnesota Supreme Court appointed Wang as a member of the Minnesota State Board of Continuing Legal Education. In 2020, Governor Tim Walz appointed Wang as the member representing Chinese Minnesotans on Council on Asian and Pacific Minnesotans. Wang holds associate, visiting, and adjunct professorships at law schools in the U.S., China, Austria, Australia, Italy, Switzerland, and Brazil. Wang has published six books and many essays and academic papers on comparative law.